The main season for the cultivation of tobacco in Cuba begins for the Cohiba, classic Cuban cigar, from mid September to the end of March, the period in which the process can be observed. It consists in showing the planting of the seeds up to the harvest collection and drying process. Whatever your interest is, visiting the tobacco factory, buying special cigars or witnessing how the cigars are made, we can organize a tour whenever you want, anytime of the year.
The Cuban tobacco blend is made of a combination of different leaves from which three , el volado, el seco y el ligero, compose the filler and the mixture of them determine the full flavor taste.
The wrapper is made of a solid leaf that drapes the filler with two binder leaves, a more subtle and exquisite layer that gives the cigar a smooth and silvery finish. The triple cap for mixed filler cigars is made of two different and diverse types of tobacco leaves.
The Corojo whose leaves grow under a muslin cloth serving as a protective screen from the sun, ensures the smooth finish and the silvery wrapper.
The Criollo (Creole) ,authentic leaves carefully picked, receive the most exposure to the sun and the blend is completed with four other types of sun-grown leaves.
The picking of the leaves is hand-made. Then, they are sewn in pairs, attached to a wooden stick called “cuje”, each of which has a hundred leaves. When they are ready, they are carried to drying houses in a process that lasts more than fifty days.
When the leaves are ready, they are sent to the tobacco houses to be fermented and packed in bulks of tobacco for the first fermentation of about thirty days. Then, the nerves of the leaves are removed and the second more intense fermentation of nearly sixty days takes place.
After the fermentation the leaves are extended for some days to let them get rid of the excessive moisture before putting them into bales made of straw and palm leaves. Then, the ready tobacco is transported to the factory in Havana.
Once the wrapper leaves arrive in the factory, they are classified by color, measure and structure, before they are sent to the rolling gallery. The four leaves of the Criollo are aged depending on the types of leaves. The master roller would be in charge of picking the leaves to send them to the rollers.